A condition of fragility in the capillaries more commonly known as capillary fragility can affect a person when the smallest blood vessels in the human body, the capillaries weaken to a great degree. The condition can be a signal for a significant and severe underlying problem in a person that exist in a person, though serious complications do not usually occur in a person affected with capillary fragility. For example, if bleeding occurs in the skin, than the affected person must make sure that it is checked by a physical for proper diagnosis and treatment as other problems can be involved in such cases. Bruising occurs readily on the skin and small spots of bleeding affected areas occur all over the skin due to the weakened capillaries. Over the course of a few days the skin can turn a yellow tinge or even dark brown from the bruises that initially look like blue to purple-colored areas patches all over the skin. The capillary structure in the body is also reinforced and structurally supported by the consumption of plenty of vegetables and fruits in the diet; these will provide all the essential nutrients necessary to capillary formation and renewal.
Common causes of broken capillaries
Several factors are responsible for capillary fragility and the most widespread reasons for having broken capillaries may include any injury or trauma; adverse effects of medicaments like cortisone and aspirin; poor blood circulation; remaining in a standing position for prolonged periods; and allergic or inflammatory conditions. In addition, broken capillaries may also be an inherited problem in some people.
Supplements and herbs
Capillary fragility is sometimes aggravated by the incidence of severe deficiency of vitamin C - during the condition known as scurvy, it is however rare in occurrence because of this condition but has a definite connection to it in many ways. So, it still remains unknown whether people without scurvy can be helped or not by the supplementation with the vitamin C; capillary fragility in patients already suffering from scurvy can be helped by supplements of vitamin C. Lowered levels of the vitamin C in the bodies of patients undergoing dialysis procedures has been known to happen and hence such procedures may lead to the development of capillary fragility in the affected patient; in connection to this phenomenon, people with capillary fragility and who also happened to be dialysis patients were given 50 milligrams of vitamin C daily, this research showed no increased capillary fragility in the body of such patients. If supervision by a doctor is not an option, the normal supplemental level of vitamin C for people with kidney problems and for those undergoing dialysis can be about 100 milligrams of the vitamin every day during the treatment regimen.
Since diabetics typically have lower levels of the vitamin C in the body compared to normal individuals, a preliminary study has suggested that, supplements of the vitamin C can reduce capillary weakness in people with diabetes. Elderly individuals can also benefit from this supplement-a study conducted double-blind on a group of elderly people, showed improvement in the condition of the elderly patients, all of these patient suffered from a low level of vitamin C and capillary fragility; supplementation was done with one gram of vitamin C every day during the treatment period.
The weakened capillaries in the body may be helped and restored by tissue strengthening compounds called flavonoids. Collagen is one of the most significant components of the capillary wall, and supplementation with these flavonoids led to the strengthening of the capillaries in test tube and animal studies, the flavonoids strengthened the walls of the capillaries and helped in the restoration of the important tissue substance collagen. People with hypertension and or diabetes who also suffered from capillary fragility were helped by supplementation with proanthocyanidins - these are a class of flavonoids extracted from seed of grapes, supplementation was done at 150 milligrams daily, these substances increased the capillary strength in preliminary study done on people afflicted with capillary fragility. Symptoms of capillary fragility were also lowered in some patients during a double-blind experiment, where supplementation was done using a combination of these 2 flavonoids-the first diosminat a dosage strength of 900 milligrams daily and the second hesperidin at 100 milligrams daily for a total treatment period lasting six weeks. Capillary fragility is also treated through the vitamin C use along with the various classes of plant flavonoids, especially compounds like rutin, quercetin, and hesperidin; these are the substance commonly recommended to treat capillary fragility in most patients. People with capillary fragility are also often recommended 400 milligrams of quercetin or rutin thrice daily or one gram of flavonoids from citrus fruit the same number of times each day as treatment by doctors.
A number of specific herbs are useful for treating capillary fragility and they are discussed briefly below:
Herbs like bilberry, horse chestnut and gotu kola may possibly facilitate in lessening the symptoms related to venous insufficiency, which may include pain, cramps, exhaustion, edema, tension, heaviness and lack of sensation.
Using the herb butcherís broom may possibly help in putting off as well as easing venous insufficiency as it works to restrain the unnecessary actions of an enzyme called elastase that is associated with venous insufficiency.
In addition, herbs like gingko, gotu kola, grape seed and bacopa promote blood circulation to the farthest body parts, make the capillaries stronger, possess diuretic actions, lessen the congestion in the veins and also enhance blood circulation through the veins. Consumption of fish oil also aids in augmenting the overall blood circulation and lessens stagnation of blood in the vessels.
Magnesium is a vital nutriment that promotes blood circulation and also fortifies the capillary walls. In addition, this essential mineral is also likely to aid in lessening the pain caused by broken capillaries and varicose veins.
It may be noted that zinc deficiency may exaggerate the blood vessel fragility, especially in aged people whose skin have become thinner. Hence, it is recommended that such people should take chelated zinc in the dose of 100 mg every day continuously for about three to six months. However, there is a word of caution: taking zinc supplements in the mineralís ionic variety may result in dearth of other essential minerals, for instance, copper, as zinc will compete with these minerals to be taken up by the body in the intestine. When minerals are chelated, it helps to avoid such competition and enables your body to take up the entire amount of all the minerals used by you in supplement form.
Homeopathy may also prove to be an effective treatment for fragile capillaries. For instance, using Calcium fluoride and Silica as tissue salts may help to deal with the feebleness of the capillaries as well as to enhance the integrity of the walls of the capillaries. In addition, they are also likely to aid in strengthening the dependability of the vein walls, besides diminishing the risks of any additional damage to the affected area.
Additional things you may do
Besides using conventional medications, herbs and supplements and homeopathic remedies, you may do a few more things to prevent as well as cure fragile capillaries.
First and foremost, you need to make sure that you are consuming fluids in adequate amounts (for instance, you need to drink no less than two litres daily), because dehydration may result in fragile capillaries.
At the same time, you should consume more foods having high levels of antioxidants that help to augment blood circulation. Such foods may include berries, blueberries, dark chocolate, grapes, pineapples, green tea, ginger, turmeric, fish and olive oil. Also ingest increased amounts of foods containing oligomeric procyanidins (also called OPCs), for instance, cranberries, bilberries, pine bark, grapes, and red wine.
Provided the broken capillaries are noticeable in the legs, you need to put on compression stockings. In addition, try to avoid standing (particularly on firm surfaces) for prolonged periods, because doing so may result in drawing blood to your lower extremities, broken capillaries, fluid retention (edema) in the legs and also lead to swelling of blood vessels. When you are relaxing after a dayís hard work, you should lift the legs above the heart level in order to help in making it easier for the blood to flow back from the legs to the heart.