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Cuts And Scrapes

Any physical injury on the skin that leads to a break in the outer protective layer of the skin can be considered either to be a cut or a scrape. Piercing and slicing injuries cause a cut on the skin. On the other hand abrasions on the skin leading to a roughening of the skin layer lead to scrapes-the degree of severity varies with the seriousness of injury.

Injuries caused by a sharp implement, including objects like knives, razor blades, or even the paper edges all result in cuts on the skin, skin is also easily cut by a jagged piece of glass or sharp metal surfaces. In contrast the term puncture wound is usually used where skin is penetrated by an a sharp pointed instrument or tool including items like pins and nails, sharp everyday objects like a pencil point can also puncture the skin and cause injury as can a knife. Falling down and brushing against a rough surface on the ground usually results in a scrape-in such cases the skin surface is essentially rubbed away or abraded by a rough surface consisting of things like pebbles or a hard concrete layer.

Supplements and herbs

Cuts and scrapes can be very serious at times especially if the injury is deep. The use of following topical herbal supplements is suggested only for minor cuts and scrapes in order to bring about a reduction in the pain and to promote rapid healing of the inured site, these topical treatments also prevent infection setting in, and bring about a reduction in the risk of scarring in the affected area of skin. As soon as the skin is injured, the site must be washed carefully using soap and water to disinfect the area-only then should these herbal topical measures be employed, the use of these remedies is not suggested for major or deep wounds. Immediate medical attention is required in the cases of gaping and deep wounds and all wounds which do not close soon after the injury-these include wounds that are infected, this is because the treatment methodology for such wounds is different and the topical herbal remedies will not be sufficient treatment in this regard.

First carefully clean the wound and then stanch any bleeding present, after this, topical applications of the oil of lavender can be applied to a fresh cut or scrape, this remedy will increase the rate of tissue healing and will also kill germs. The minimization of scar tissue formation can be achieved through the use of the tea tree oil; this oil also disinfects all wounds and can be utilized instead of the lavender oil if preferred. Alternately, herbal remedies and tinctures made form herbs like the Echinacea, the marigold, or the myrrh can also be used. Prepare these by diluting a little herbal tincture in some water and apply as needed. The rate of healing in injured skin tissues can also be increased by another herbal ointment made from the comfrey herb. Bandage the wound as soon as these preliminary and first aid measures have been carried out. To prevent infection from setting in on the injured area, the bandages must be changed three or four times every day. In addition at each change of the bandage, further treatment can be done by spreading either a soothing aloe vera gel or a calendula cream directly on the wound; this treatment will help in further relieving or in limiting the inflammation. This will also stop or halt the spread of infection, and lastly it will increase the rate at which the skin heals.

These oral supplements are to be taken on a continuous basis for five days starting from the moment of injury. The oral supplements of vitamin A and further topical applications of the vitamin E will increase the rate of healing and bring about a reduction in inflammation. The beneficial effects of the compound bromelain, which is an enzyme synthesized from pineapples, can also be suggested for use during this period. A reduction in the chances of infection can be achieved by regular consumption of herbal teas made using the Echinacea and goldenseal herbs; these two herbs are also great immune system boosters.

Homeopathy

All the homeopathic remedies suggested here can be taken at doses of about 6, 12 or 30c potency depending on the nature of injury. The amount and dosage requirement will depend on the severity of the injury, and the remedies can be used at hourly intervals, or one time or two times every day depending on the injury. Injuries that are a result of severe trauma can be effectively healed through a dose of the Arnica taken at intervals of 15 minutes for the first hour following injury and with a corresponding reduction in dosage intervals as healing proceeds. Old injuries that are giving problems can be treated using remedies such as the Arnica, the Hypericum or the Bellis, all at a preferred dosage strength of 200c or I M strength one time every week for a treatment regimen lasting 4 to 6 weeks at a stretch. Skeletal injuries and bones broken in a fracture can be treated first with for an initial period of one to two weeks, with doses once or twice each day, this regimen can be alternated with doses of the Ledum after 48 hours. The Ledum helps heal internal and external bruising that occurs during the fracture. The rate of bone healing is also increase by the daily use of Symphytum at a low potency or even only once every week at the 200th potency. Existing nerve injuries must be treated using Hypericum, which also accelerates the rate of wound healing. In addition to this, a tincture made from the Calendula or Hypericum, which has been diluted using water in a ratio of 1:5, effectively heals wounds and bleeding injuries. If the skin is not broken at the site of injury, external applications of an Arnica tincture or cream can effectively heal all bruises and sore muscles in the area.

  • Aconite
    Aconitum is to be used in the homeopathic treatment of patients who suffer from shock and fear following an injury to the body. The remedy can be used to treat cuts and scrapes such as bruises, most types of burns, all types of sprains, and all kinds of fractures to the bones. The patient may complain of the wounds as being exceedingly sensitive to the touch, to jarring movements, the affected area is also almost always under localized inflammation-the remedy can be used in all these cases. In addition symptoms such as pain, and fever following a surgical procedure or injury can also be treated using this remedy. Physical symptoms of the condition in the patient appear as sudden high fevers and the development of a hot and dry skin at all times of the day and night. This remedy can also be used in the treatment of injuries to the eyes, to the retina and in cases of the presence of a foreign body within the eyes. Psychological symptoms of the condition in the patient are manifested as a sudden fear of imminent death, agoraphobia or fear of crowds is also common. The patient may fear and hesitate to cross streets especially busy ones. In general such patients are easily startled and almost always restless. The presence of one or more of the symptoms in a patient requires the immediate utilization of Aconitum in the treatment of the condition.
  • Arnica
    Arnica is to be used in the homeopathic treatment of patients suffering from the cuts and scrapes. The remedy can also be used during trauma and shock in a patient as an initial remedy. This particular remedy can also be used in the treatment of various types of strains in the muscles, spasms during a charley horse, and overexerted muscles. The typical symptoms that the patient complains about can include persistent soreness, and a bruised sensation present all over the body, the patient may feel as if he or she has been beaten. Physical symptoms also include complaints that any part of the body lain down, cramp up and become painful. The patient suffers a unique rise in temperature in the head while the rest of the body and the limbs remain cold or below the temperature in the head. The patient can also suffer from many forms of external or internal bleeding due to the bruises. Psychological symptoms of the condition include the presence of constant fear, and the presence of nightmares or "flashbacks" of memory following an injury. The patient typically tries to play down the severity of the injury he or she has suffered. The patient is weak and physically exhausted at most times; alternately he or she can also be affected with a persistent restlessness. This remedy can be used as a topical measure in the treatment of bruises. The condition of the patient can worse when he or she is touched, when he or she is exposed to any jarring movements, and at nighttime or in damp places. The condition of the patient will significantly improve if applications of cold compresses are used on him or her, and if she or he lies down with the head lowered for comfort. The presence of one or more of these symptoms in the patient requires the immediate use of Arnica as a homeopathic remedy in the treatment of the condition.
  • Bellis
    Bellis is to be used in the homeopathic treatment of patients who have suffered some physical trauma to the deep tissues because of cuts or scrapes. The remedy is also for use with injuries that affect the abdominal region, the legs and the spinal region, the pelvis and the breasts, and organs like the uterus or to any other internal organs. This remedy can be utilized as the major remedy during the recovery stages from a major surgical procedure. The remedy can also be utilized in the treatment of all forms of recurring and persistent injuries and to parts of the body affected by repetitive strains, to aches in the body generated by constant standing, and from aches caused by strained muscles while carrying heavy loads or because of exertions. The remedy can also be used a follow up treatment to treat any swelling left over in an affected area after Arnica is used as an initial treatment. Physical symptoms that the patient may complain of include the presence of intense soreness in the affected area, and the presence of persistent aching sensations in the bruised area of the body. The patient is almost always physically exhausted and may wish to lie down at most times of the day. Symptoms include sudden wakefulness around 3 a.m. in the morning and an inability to sleep again. The condition of the patient can worsen if she or he is touched, and if he or she is exposed to cold temperatures, to high heat, or forced to rest tool long. The condition of the patient can improve if all movements are gentle and on the application of different cold compresses to the affected area. The presence of one or more of these symptoms requires the immediate utilization of Bellis as a homeopathic remedy in the treatment of the condition.
  • Bryonia
    Bryonia is to be used in the homeopathic treatment of all types of injuries to the body resulting in cuts and scrapes, these include all kinds of dislocations, bruises from falls and other puncture wounds. The remedy can also be used to reduce the pain resulting from a fracture and from sprains in the joints. Physical symptoms in the patient can include the swelling of the affected area, excessive heat in the site of injury, reddening of the skin, and a heightened thirst due to a coated tongue. Psychological symptoms include persistent displays of irritability and constant worry. The remedy can also be used to treat all inflammations at the site of an injury, such as occurs during synovitis and bursitis in the body. The nature of the painful sensation tends to be of the stitching and cutting type. The patient often has a very hot feeling face and head, in contrast to the coldness of the rest of the body. Symptoms also include the development of a splitting headache or nausea following an injury or trauma. The condition of the patient can worsen even when undertaking the slightest movements, and on being touched. The condition of the patient can improve gradually with sufficient rest, and on the application of heat and pressure, walking in the open, outdoors will also help. The presence of one or more of these symptoms in a patient requires the immediate utilization of Bryonia as a homeopathic remedy in the treatment of the condition.
  • Calendula
    Calendula is to be used in the homeopathic treatment of cuts and scrapes. The remedy is for topical use as a tincture to treat all kinds of wounds, and scrapes and cuts that lead to bleeding. The remedy can also be used to treat muscle pulls and cramps. The remedy can bring about timely cessation form bleeding in wounds, in particular the wounds of the scalp and the mouth. The remedy is beneficial especially in the treatment of inflamed wounds. The effectiveness of the remedy lies in its ability to quicken the pace of healing in wounds; it leads to rapid sealing of the edges, and prevents the formation of scars and promotes recovery. The remedy is particularly helpful in the external treatment of jagged wounds on the skin .Physical symptoms include the presence of excessive painful and pricking sensations along the affected area of the body. Bandages make this type of pain worsen in intensity. The use of this remedy will prevent infection from setting in and is an excellent choice in the treatment of infected wounds, such as abscess, all types of ulcerations, and gangrene. The presence of one or more of these symptoms requires the immediate utilization of Calendula in the treatment of the condition.
  • Hypericum
    Hypericum is to be used in the homeopathic treatment of cuts and scrapes that lead to injuries in the nerves and along nerve-rich tissues in the body. The remedy can also be used in the treatment of injuries that lead to neuralgia, to treat all sorts of wounds and cuts, and after a surgical or dental procedure. Symptoms present in the patient can include physical problems like persistent trembling and twitching sensations, and a crawling sensation on the skin along with numbness and burning sensations. These injuries typically arise as a result of blows or injuries to the head, the spine, to the coccyx i.e. the tailbone, and to the tips of the fingers and the toes. The wounds tend to be very sore and extremely tender to the touch. Symptoms include the presence of persistent shooting pains traveling upwards from the site of injury on the body. The remedy is for topical treatment of all types of burns and open cuts, and injuries that may be susceptible to infection, the use of the remedy will stop the bleeding and stanch all blood flow. The remedy can also be used to treat all injuries to the nerves following fractures to the bones. The remedy is useful in that it brings about recovery in damaged nerve tissues and accelerates the growth of nerves. The condition of the patient can worsen in cold and damp weather, rapid changes in the weather also aggravates the patient, the patient is disturbed by even the slightest motions, including sudden jarring movements. The condition of the patient will quickly improve on rubbing along the affected area. The presence of one or more of these symptoms in the patient requires the immediate use of Hypericum as a homeopathic remedy in the treatment of the condition.
  • Ledum
    Ledum is to be used in the homeopathic treatment of bruises and in the treatment of black eye along with all kinds of cuts and scrapes. The remedy can be used in the treatment of all swollen and tender area after an injury, especially those areas of the body that turn purple following injury, the supplement is also to be used in the treatment of sprains, different cuts and all fractures in the bones. Patients experience peculiar symptoms that include the presence of a cold sensation in the injured part of the body. Typically the affected area has painful sensations that travel upwards from the site of injury. The remedy can also be used as a topical treatment for puncture wounds from insects bites and injuries from nails and other sharp objects. The remedy can also be used in the treatment of areas of the body that do not seem to recover even after a long time has passed following a fall or other injury. The condition of the patient can worsen in excess heat and hot weather, the patient dislikes even the slightest pressure on the skin, and sudden movements. The condition of the patient improves with cold applications on the affected area, and with prolonged rest and relaxation. The presence of one or more of these symptoms requires the immediate utilization of Ledum as a homeopathic remedy in the treatment of the condition.
  • Rhus. tox.
    Rhus. tox. is to be used in the homeopathic treatment of all kinds of cuts and scrapes that lead to tears in the ligaments within the body. The remedy can also be used to treat acute and chronic sprains in the joints of the body. The remedy can also be used to treat dislocations in the body. These injuries can come about by lifting excessively heavy weights and injuries that occur from overstraining and overexerting the muscles. The remedy can also be used to topically treat the inflammation occurring at the site of injury on the skin. An ever-present physical symptom is stiffness in the affected area. The painful sensation gives rise to excessive restlessness in the patient. Injuries that lead to a persistent arthritic tendency in the patient can also be treated using the remedy. The condition of the patient can worsen following the first few movements that the patient makes after having rested for a long time, the condition of the patient is also aggravated in damp and cold weather. The condition of the patient will greatly improve when he or she limbers up, and when external heat treatments are given. The presence of one or more of these symptoms in the patient requires the immediate use of Rhus. tox. as a homeopathic remedy in the treatment of the condition.
  • Staphysagria
    Staphysagria is to be used in the homeopathic treatment of all kinds of cuts and scrapes in a patient those results from physical injuries and wounds from sharp instruments. These include cuts of all kinds, and the sutures following a surgical or dental procedure, and in the treatment of compound fractures that break the skin. The remedy can also be used to treat overstretched tissues following childbirth. The remedy can also be used in the treatment of injuries to the jaws, to the abdominal region, to the genitals and the region of the groin. And following an episiotomy. The remedy can also be used in treating concussion injuries. The typical symptoms reported by the patient include the presence of stitching pains and extreme soreness in the body. Psychological symptoms can include a sense of being humiliated or being abused, the patient responds to all perceived insults with a lot of anger and rage. The condition of the patient can worsen even when the patient is very slightly touched, and undertaking taking any motion becomes difficult. The condition of the patient really improves under warm conditions and when pressure is applied, or when the person supports himself by leaning on to some object. The presence of one or more of these symptoms requires the immediate use of Staphysagria as a homeopathic remedy in the treatment of the condition.

Additional things you may do

Use a clean cloth or a tissue to stanch and stop any bleeding from a site of injury by applying steady pressure to the wound for a few minutes immediately after sustaining the injury. Initially let the injury bleed blood out to bring about disinfection and to flush out pathogenic microbes in the site of injury in the cases of puncture wounds. It is important to make sure that the skin around the cut or scrape is thoroughly cleansed and disinfected using a suitable solution. Wounds occurring in areas of the body such as the fingers and the knees that are likely to become exposed to dirt and grime must be bandaged properly at all times. The use of antibiotics in the treatment of wounds is not necessary until the first signs of infection become apparent if at all.

Usual dosage

  • Aloe vera gel, using fresh leaf of aloe vera or store-bought gel, apply it to wounds three to four times daily.
  • Echinacea, after adding three drops of Echinacea tincture to one tsp water, apply to cut. Additionally, drink one cup of goldenseal-Echinacea tea three times daily until wound heals.
  • Lavender oil, after cleansing, apply one or two drops of lavender oil to wound.
  • Calendula cream, apply calendula cream to cut three times daily instead of aloe vera. A combination of goldenseal and calendula is also effective.
  • Tea tree oil, cleans and apply one or two drops of tea tree oil to wound. Can be used instead of lavender oil.
  • Vitamin E, use 400 IU capsule topically. Break the capsule and apply directly to wound.
  • Vitamin A, 25,000 IU two times daily for five days. If you are pregnant or consider pregnancy, do not exceed 5,000 IU daily.
  • Bromelain, 500 mg of bromelain three times daily, for 5 days on an empty stomach. Eliminate after two weeks if no beneficial effects noted.

For kids

See age-appropriate dosages of herbal remedies

Use topical applications of an herbal calendula gel or ointment to treat cuts and scrapes in children-this herbal treatment is also normally used during homeopathic treatment of affected children. This preparation of the calendula herb promotes the rapid healing of injuries and is also an effective bactericidal agent that prevents all infections. The gel is very soothing to injured skin tissue and promotes rapid recovery from injuries. The gel of the aloe vera herb is also soothing to the skin and has many calming abilities while promoting recovery from injuries. Advantage can also be taken of applications made from the sage as this promotes wound healing and is known for its antiseptic abilities. Wounds can also be treated using raw honey as a direct topical treatment if the above mentioned herbs cannot be obtained. Raw honey is remarkable in that it possesses a natural antibiotic ability and effectively heals injuries on the skin surface. An herbal combination made from the Echinacea and goldenseal herbs can also be used if the wound becomes infected to bring about quick recovery. The action of these natural herbs does not interfere with the action of allopathic antibiotics and these herbs themselves possess strong antiviral and antibiotic properties. Dosage of these herbs for children can be a single dose of the herbal combination taken two times every day for a treatment period lasting five days at one stretch. Scab tissue formation and the prevention of infection can be achieved by applying goldenseal powder topically and letting it stay overnight on the wound. To prepare this herbal remedy, add water to the contents of a goldenseal herbal capsule.

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