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Thrombosis And Embolism

A blood clot causes a condition known as a thrombosis in the veins or arteries within the body. The occurrence of blood clots within the body is normal and natural-this is a natural response of the body in order to prevent the flow of blood and its loss during an injury, however, if blood clots develop inside a blood vessel, they can turn lethal and block the oxygen supply from reaching the tissues surrounding the area. The condition known as heart attacks results because of a thrombus-or blood clot developing in an artery going into the hearty. The development of blood clots in the brain will result in strokes and this has severe implications fro the health of the individual. A thrombus developing in the artery of the leg will give rise to leg ulcers and the consequent results health issues for the person.

The venous system is also affected by the development of blood clots and these can cause a variety of medical problems. However, in stark contrast to the blood clots in an artery, a venous thrombus can sometimes dislodge by itself and will be transported somewhere else in the body. This resulting in a traveling blood clot, the situation is known as an embolism. There are lots of problems with embolisms-for example, a pulmonary embolism often comes about because of a dislodged blood clot traveling from a deep vein in the leg-this clot has somehow found its way to the lungs and causes problem in that area, far from the region in which it initially developed. Such cases must be immediately treated as a serious medical emergency-untreated, they can result in the sudden death of the individual. The traveling blood clot may lodge itself deep in the tissues of the lungs, when this happens it will bring on sudden breathlessness and intense pain in the chest-this initial painful sensation will rapidly subside. When the person is coughing later on, he or she will exude rusty colored phlegm with the saliva or mucus.

All the blood clots which develop in the veins of the legs will not necessary travel to other areas of the body; however, in a majority of cases, if the blood clot develops in the deep veins of the leg, there is a greater chance of it traveling, to some higher region of the body via the venous network. There are very little symptoms produced in the case of a deep leg-vein thrombosis. Some retention of water may take place, and the affected leg may feel particularly heavy or develop an achy sensation-aside from these symptoms, there are few signs. The symptoms of an embolism are much more noticeable in the veins lying near the surface of the skin; these signs often come accompanied by conditions such as varicose veins.

The varied physical symptoms and signs can include the development of a hard, reddened and swollen vein which may turn itchy and tender over a period of time. The term thrombophlebitis is applied to the inflammation present in the vein during an embolism. Inflammation can arise because of developed blood clots arising in deep and superficial leg veins-such an inflammation will bring on a general feeling of illness, accompanied by persistent fever and physical fatigue in the individual.

The condition known as arteriosclerosis is the main reason for the development of a blood clot in the arterial system. The development of blood clots can also be due to other rare causes, these can include the presence of inflammation in an artery, along with some forms of heart conditions that can cause other complications. Blood vessels comprising the venous system, can weaken due to the sluggish flow of blood flow, such weakened vessels will make them prone to physical injuries of all sorts. Blood clotting is also rapidly promoted by the presence of a minute injury in the blood vessel as a result of different factors. Surgery can also lead to inexplicable blood clotting in the veins or arteries. Long periods spent without moving, such as on long haul flights increases the chances of a thrombosis from developing-such clots can also easily develop during a period of prolonged rest in bed. The blood is kept moving by continuous movements, while continually standing still in one place or sitting still for very long periods of time will slow the circulation of blood and this will increase the pressure felt within the veins-this condition can come about particularly when the veins have become dilated in hot weather in the summers. Some physical conditions in the person will also increase the chances of blood clots from developing, for example, obesity can increase the chances of blood clots, the sudden hormonal changes and shifts that occur during pregnancy and the chemicals found in certain oral contraceptives or cortisone medications can all increase the chances of thrombosis occurring as well. The stress on the veins is also increased by habits such as smoking especially over the long period of time. While much more likely to occur in varicose veins, development of a thrombosis can also come about due to inflammation in the vein.

The chances of developing thrombosis increases with age, this is because the blood vessels are much more susceptible to injury as a person ages. The risk of blood clots is also increased if the person is affected by hereditary blood disorders, many of these illnesses can increase the stickiness of clotting agents or the number of blood clotting agents found in the body-the blood is more likely to clot in such cases.

Supplements and herbs

The condition of blood and clotting factors can be maintained by using vitamin and mineral on a regular basis-these supplements will prevent blood clots from forming within the veins and arteries. Beneficial supplements also include the essential fatty acids; these are very abundant in herbal natural oils and can be used as supplements along with the vitamin and mineral supplements. The stickiness of blood clotting agents is reduced by the linoleic acid present in large amounts in herbal oils of the evening primrose and the flax seed-these herbal oils can be used a supplements on a regular basis. The compound lecithin is another commonly occurring natural factor which can be used to prevent and treat blood clots that have formed in the veins or the arteries.

Circulation of blood is improved by the vitamin E, this compound maintains blood vessel flexibility and helps prevent the formation of blood clots-this vitamin can be used as a supplemental measure. The use of this supplement must be carried out carefully as it is known that very high doses of the vitamin E taken as supplements will interfere with the absorption of iron in the body-this will result in iron being stored in large amounts within the body of the individual; this situation must be avoided at all cost. A greater risk of heart disease and conditions such as diabetes are connected to very high levels of stored iron-the addition of these extra problems must be avoided while dealing with blood clot formation in the affected person. Supplementation of the mineral iron supplements must be separated by at least twelve hours from the time vitamin E is usually taken. Sufficient levels of stomach acid will enhance iron absorption and gastric acid levels must be checked to ensure this factor is accounted for. The absorption of mineral iron is also increased by the presence of the vitamin C, supplements of Swedish bitters, the amino acid glutamine, drinks like apple cider vinegar and lemon juice can also ensure adequate absorption of the iron in the diet. The strength of blood vessels is maintained by the vitamin C, and supplements of this vitamin are very important during any therapy.

Supplements of the vitamin B6 along with the supplements of the compound L-lysine will lead to a reduction in the atherosclerosis that causes tissue damage. Blood clotting is also slowed down by the presence of the vitamin B6 in sufficient levels in the blood. Supplements of the vitamin B12 along with the folic acid will lower the homocysteine levels in the blood. A balanced combination complex or formula is the best way to take the vitamins B6, B12 and the folic acid as long as supplementation is intended. Also highly recommended are supplements of the vitamin C along with the plant based substances known as bioflavonoids-these two supplements will ensure that the integrity of the blood vessel walls is maintained at all times.

The following herbs and herbal teas along with the various topical treatments given here will help in gaining relief from the majority of physical symptoms associated with thrombosis in the person.

The astringent property of the witch hazel herb is highly recommended in the treatment of thrombosis occurring in the venous system. This herbal remedy can be applied as a topical remedy to the affected areas of the body. Obstructions in the veins of the legs and abdominal region are cleared off by an herbal remedy made from the yarrow herb. For four weeks at a stretch, drink three cups of yarrow tea every day as a treatment for thrombosis, alternately you can take a single tbsp. of fresh herbal juice in any other juice or liquid two to three times every day as internal treatment for thrombosis. The essential mineral calcium is present in good amounts in the juice of the stinging nettle and horsetail herbs, take a single tbsp. of these juices every day-calcium is important as it aids in the repair and the strengthening of connective tissue within the veins; these tissues often undergo a lot of damage from the formation of a blood clot. Any surgical procedure must be preceded and followed by the consumption of a combination herbal formula made from herbs such as the horse chestnut, the witch hazel and the sweet clover in equal proportions. The stagnation of blood within the veins is relieved by this herbal combination and the remedy also prevents injury from occurring in the soft tissues near the veins and arteries. This herbal mixture can be prepared by taking a single tsp. of the herbal mixture and boiling it in a cup of water, this tea must be used thrice every day to bring relief from the effects of a thrombosis. Painful sensations in the tissues can be relieved by taking supplements of the St. John's wort herb. Carefully massage the affected areas of the legs using St. John's wort herbal oil at least two times every week, at the same time, the topical treatment must be followed by taking one to three capsules thrice every day. Even the tiniest capillaries are acted upon by the St. John's wort herb, the sensitivity of the skin to the sun increases, therefore as long as this supplementation is going on, take appropriate protection by wearing suitable clothing. The supplement of the bark of the white willow is rich in salicin, which is a compound from which Aspirin is synthesized. The remedy of the white willow possesses similar properties to the Aspirin while not being as strong as it in its effects; it is also without any side effects on the gastrointestinal tissues-a normal complaint with aspirin. There is a note of warning here, as an overdose of the white willow will induce a toxicity which is identical to an overdose of Aspirin. The presence of any type of fungi in the body and the development of cardiovascular disease of all kinds may be linked in some way. The fungicidal effects of Aspirin can offset the effects of fungi in the body, especially when these occur along with other problems such as heart disease, with stroke or during incidences of cancer. Patients can also benefit from supplements of the herbal garlic remedies, this common herb acts as a natural thinning agent in the blood, it also aids the transportation of the unhealthy forms of fats, the risk of developing clots also increases at the same time, garlic enables the elimination of clots in the bloodstream. Supplements of this herb can be taken in a capsule form, use three capsules thrice a day for as long as required.

Additional things you may do

To ensure unrestricted circulation within the body, wear loose-fitting clothing at all times of the day and night. Elevate you legs from time to time when possible and try to avoid long periods of time in a sitting or standing position. Try not to spend too much time crossing your legs. It is important to move about, and spend some time in walks several times each day, do this while wearing loose and comfortable shoes-exercise is very important for health. Take plenty of physical exercises such as leg-stretching exercises, exercises involving the rolling of the feet, activities like cycling, take regular deep-breathing exercises every day, and try swimming regularly along with walks on sandy areas or the beach. Increasing the rate of tissue repair via speed healing using a localized, moist heat or infrared heat lamp can bring a lot of benefits in dealing with thrombosis problems. Keep your salt intake at a low level and try not to consume too many liquids every day as long as the problems persist.

Usual dosage

  • Evening primrose oil, 2x 500 mg capsules thrice a day.
  • Niacin, 1,000-3,000 mg.
  • Vitamin B6, 100-500 mg a day, a complex should contain folic acid and vitamin B12.
  • Vitamin C, with bioflavonoids, 1,000 mg.
  • Vitamin E,  200 IU for a week, then increase dose to 600 IU.
  • Lecithin, 3 tbsp. thrrice a day.
  • Fish oils, 3 - 12 1,000 mg capsules.
  • L-lysine, 500 mg.

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