Petroselinum sativum

Parsley (botanical name Petroselinum sativum) belongs to the Petroselinum species in the family Apiaceae. This herb is indigenous to the central Mediterranean region, but, over the years, it has been naturalized in many parts of Europe. Presently, parsley is cultivated in the form of a spice, herb as well as a vegetable.

People in the Middle East, Europe as well as America extensively use parsley for culinary purposes. In several regions of eastern and central Europe as well as western Asia, people serve several dish by sprinkling them with freshly obtained green chopped parsley on top. In fact, root parsley is a common ingredient in the cuisines of eastern and central Europe. In these places, people also use root parsley in the form of a snack or a vegetable in different types of stews, soups and casseroles.

The essential oil extracted from parsley possesses wide-ranging anti-microbial properties. In other words, parsley essential oil encloses specific elements that can not only inhibit the growth of microbes, but also kill them. Hence, this oil can offer effective protection against a large number of infections.

Two diseases, namely arthritis and rheumatism are caused by two major reasons - uric acid build up in the muscles and the joints in addition to stymied blood circulation, especially to these body areas. Parsley essential oil possesses specific properties that can aid in alleviating these conditions by getting rid of their causes. First and foremost, the essential oil of parsley is an effective detoxifying agent in addition to a depurative. This is mainly owing to the diuretic and stimulant properties possessed by this oil.

As a detoxifying agent, the essential oil of parsley accelerates the process of eliminating toxic substances from the body, while, as a depurative, it cleanses as well as refreshes the entire blood. Moreover, the diuretic properties of this oil also help to increase the amount and frequency of urination, thereby getting rid of all excessive water, salts, fats and uric acid from the body via urine. The stimulant property of this oil helps it to encourage blood circulation, which is helpful in two ways. Firstly, improved blood circulation makes the body warm and, secondly, it also prevents the accumulation of uric acid at any specific place in the body, thereby providing relief from the pain associated with conditions like arthritis, gout and rheumatism.

When wounds and particular internal organs that are soft as well as sensitive are infected by microbes, they may become septic. The danger increases when the wound is caused by dirt or any rusted iron objects. Sepsis is a very painful condition that is accompanied by convulsions, cramps and even hydrophobia (fear of water), in case the condition develops into tetanus. The only way this can be cured is by getting rid of the microbes and restraining their growth, especially in the affected area. Use of parsley essential oil does this. This oil prevents the microbes from reproducing and eventually kills them.

Since parsley essential oil also possesses astringent property, it has the ability to bring on contractions in the muscles and tissues. The action of any astringent agent can be both local as well as on the entire body. A number of astringent agents, for instance the synthetic astringents like fluorides that are included in toothpastes, cause local contraction or tightening of the gums. There are other astringents, majority of which are herbal, like those that are present in guava leaves as well as several essential oils, can be used internally and they give rise to contractions in the internal organs as well as the entire body. This is mainly because the astringent is transported by the blood to the different tissues throughout the body.

In fact, the essential oil of parsley is a herbal or natural astringent that can be used both topically as well as internally to bring on contractions: in the gums with a view to clasp the teeth stronger, skin and muscles to make them firmer and give them a lift making one feel more fit and appear youthful, in the blood vessel with a view to retard or stop bleeding from injured blood vessels, and hair roots to prevent hair loss.

Often, gas formation in the intestines may be very embarrassing as well as painful, especially when one is in a social gathering or party. It can result in uncomfortable situations when one is in a tranquil place like in a prayer hall. This is because when the gas moves inside the intestines, it makes all sorts of bizarre noises. The situation turns for the worse when the gases begin to come out of the body. In such as situation one is really in an extremely awkward position and he/ she is left with nowhere to go. Well, this was only the amusing side of gas formation in the intestines.

The more serious side of this condition includes problems like headaches, flatulence, indigestion, stomach aches, nausea, vomiting, chest pain, hypertension and sometimes even the threat of developing a heart attack. It is a fact that at times gases may cause a heart attack or even a heart attack may be misunderstood to be a pain due to gas formation. Which ever may be the case, it is a dangerous situation attributed to gas formation. Therefore, the earlier they come out, the better one will feel. You can effectively eliminate gases formed in the intestine by using the parsley essential oil internally. While this oil prevents the formation of gases in the intestine, and when they have already formed, it helps to get rid of them.

The essential oil of parsley encourages elimination of toxic as well as other undesirable substances from our body by promoting the frequency and amount of urination. This action of the oil makes it an effective detoxifier. In fact, this property of parsley essential oil also helps to protect people from several diseases that are attributed to toxin accumulation or build up of other harmful and undesirable substances in our body. Some of the diseases that are caused by accumulation of toxins and other harmful substance include arthritis, rheumatism, gout, skin conditions, boils and others.

Parsley essential oil has an herbaceous and spicy smell that improves appetite and, at the same time, promotes digestion by encouraging the digestive juice secretion into the stomach. Internal use of this essential oil also makes one crave for food, which, in turn, helps them to psychologically digest the ingested food more rapidly.

The above mentioned attribute of parsley essential oil augments the detoxifying actions of this oil. Firstly, its use promotes urination - both the frequency as well as the amount of urine passed. Some people may speculate how increased urination can be good for our body. In fact, urination is one of the effective means to eliminate the undesirable and harmful substances from our body, while excretion is another means. Urination helps to get rid of the excessive water, salts, fat and toxic substances like uric acid, pollutants and even microbes from our body. When excessive water and fat are removed from the body, it helps us to lose those extra pounds and, at the same time, provides relief from swelling and accumulation of water. In fact, there are other benefits of normal or augmented urination, including getting rid of calcium and other deposits from the body, especially the kidneys as well as the urinary tracts. This, in turn, protects us from infections in the urinary tract as well as conditions like renal calculi.

When we talk about something being a depurative, we denote a substance or medication that cleanses the blood. A depurative agent works in two ways. First, it helps to get rid of undesirable substances from the blood, thereby purifying the blood. Being an effective depurative agent, parsley essential oil performs the same task. This oil is also an effectual detoxifier. Secondly, a depurative agent helps oxygen to reach all the tissues in our body. Parsley essential oil also performs this task by promoting blood circulation by virtue of possessing stimulant properties.

Parsley essential oil also possesses emmenagogue property and, hence, it is useful in clearing blocked or delayed menstruations. The oil promotes the secretion of specific hormones like estrogen that aid in achieving this. Apart from facilitating and regulating menstruation, the essential oil of parsley also alleviates the various symptoms associated with delayed or obstructed menstruation, for instance, pain, abdominal cramps, annoyance, fatigue and nausea. Hormones like estrogen also aid in inducing puberty as well as maturity in women and, at the same time, ensure that their reproductive organs such as the uterus remain in optimum health.

In addition to possessing depurative, detoxifying and anti-microbial properties, essential oil obtained from parsley is also an effective febrifuge. In other words, use of this oil helps to reduce fever. The depurative and detoxifying attributes of this oil help it to reduce the levels of toxins in the body, which, in turn, helps to avoid as well as get rid of several ailments, counting fevers. Often an increased level of toxic substances in the blood is responsible for fever. In fact, fever is a reaction of our body to any kind of unusual insurgence or unfavourable change in the system. On the other hand, the anti-microbial property of parsley essential oil helps it to restrain infections caused by microbes, thereby aiding in alleviating fevers caused by viral, bacterial infections or microbes like malaria, typhoid, influenza and/ or yellow fever.

Several drugs that are based on sorbitol and opium are known to have hypotensive actions. In other words, use of these drugs lower the blood pressure instantly, thereby lessening the chances of having a heart attack. As these medications are derived synthetically, their reaction is very quick. On the other hand, using these drugs causes specific adverse effects and their prolonged use may give rise to neurotic and nervous problems sooner or later. While using the essential oil of parsley may not cause very rapid actions, it is certainly a good option for regular use for treating chronic hypertension. The best part of using this oil is that it does not have any adverse side effects. If this oil is taken methodically, it aids in maintaining a low or normal blood pressure level.

Constipation is often a bothersome and painful condition and people enduring this condition are well aware of the pleasant feeling when they have clear bowels. As the essential oil of parsley possesses laxative properties, using this oil aids in doing away with hard as well as difficult motions, thereby alleviating constipation. In addition, parsley essential oil promotes secretion of digestive juices into the stomach and, at the same time, facilitates the downward movement of excreta by means of encouraging peristaltic movement in the smooth muscles of the intestines.

One is able to experience the stimulating actions of parsley essential oil all over his/ her body. Use of this oil invigorates the nerves, neurons, while promoting blood and lymph circulation, digestion of ingested foods, excretion as well as the immune system. Hence, the use of parsley essential oil helps one to remain additionally alert, active, energetic, strong as well as safe.

Parsley essential oil is also beneficial for the health of the stomach, which is considered to be our body's power generator. The use of this essential oil soothes the stomach, regulates the proper secretion of various gastric juices into the stomach, lessens stomach inflammation, shields the stomach from different types of infections, and cures it of wounds and ulcers, if any.

The stomachic property of parsley essential oil is attributed to its ability to stimulate discharge of specific hormones, such as estrogen and progesterone. The appropriate secretion of these female hormones helps to maintain the health of the uterus by regulating menstruation and also by protecting the uterus from various other problems such as dryness and uterine ulcers.

General properties

  • antimicrobial
  • anti-rheumatic
  • anti-arthritic
  • antiseptic
  • astringent
  • carminative
  • depurative
  • detoxifier
  • digestive
  • diuretic
  • emmenagogue
  • febrifuge
  • hypotensive
  • laxative
  • stimulant
  • stomachic
  • uterine

Blends well with

General uses

  • acne
  • appetite loss
  • arthritis
  • boils
  • chest pains
  • constipation
  • fever
  • flatulence
  • gum diseases
  • gout
  • hair loss
  • headaches
  • heart attack
  • hypertension
  • indigestion
  • infections
  • influenza
  • malaria
  • menstrual problems
  • moles
  • nausea
  • stomach aches
  • stomach ulcers
  • typhoid
  • vomiting
  • yellow fever


Notwithstanding the various health benefits offered by parsley essential oil, it ought to be used extremely cautiously, as this oil is hepatotoxic in nature. In other words, parsley essential oil is toxic for the liver. At the same time, it possesses abortifacient properties, denoting that it can stimulate abortions. As a result, this oil should be avoided by people enduring liver problems as well as women during pregnancy.


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