Very small bonsai trees that can be comfortably held in the palm of your hand are known as mame bonsai. Except in some cases, the ideal height of these bonsai trees should never be over 8 cm to 15 cm. However, the shaping as well as care of these bonsai plants is similar to that of their larger counterparts. Mame bonsai can be obtained by various means, including collecting plants growing in the wild, by growing them from seeds or cuttings, by purchasing them from any bonsai nursery, or by growing the plants from off-shoots.
In order to acquire the name "mame bonsai", these miniature trees need to be grown for anything between 3 and 5 years, as this is the period required to give them their proper shape. You can start growing these plants with small seedlings measuring anything between 3 cm and 5 cm in height. Such plants can be found without much difficulty in the parks or woods at the base of large trees. In fact, you will find that many of these small plants already have interesting shapes even at this initial stage. However, it is essential for a mame to be a minuscule form of the original tree and never some sort of a plant with an oddly deformed shape. For instance, you can work on a zelkova to shape it like a broom, or a cryptomerias to appear like a pillar. Even pines make excellent mame retaining all the typical features of the original species.
In fact, the mame bonsai is often referred to as the mini bonsai. Bonsai lovers as well as the nurseries are familiar with this type of miniature plants. The most striking feature of this type of plant is its extremely small size with all the characteristics of the original species. For instance, even the biggest mame bonsai tree can be comfortably accommodated on the palm of an adult's hand, while the smallest such tree can be held even by a baby in his palm.
A mame bonsai tree can be described as a little twig on the bough of any regular sized bonsai tree. In fact, this is the most eye-catching element of any mame bonsai. Nevertheless, what is all the more interesting about the mame bonsai is that this tree grows akin to any normal tree and also produces flowers and fruits. Moreover, the mame bonsai also ages as time passes and possesses the entire regular characteristics of any common bonsai tree. In fact, this is one type of bonsai that is showing a ray of hope to people who believe growing bonsai trees is not very easy.
It is worth mentioning here that anyone with a love for growing bonsai trees and some expertise are able to adopt and grow mame bonsai trees. The task is not only alluring, but also interesting as well as simple. In fact, the number of beginners aspiring to grow a mame bonsai tree is perhaps the largest. Mame bonsai includes a variety of types of miniature trees which increases the options for anyone desiring to grow as well as maintain this particular type of bonsais. Since mame bonsai are very small trees, they require very little space and can be accommodated anywhere without any problem. They are also easy to grow and look after and not much care is required once they are established. In addition, these miniature trees do not take many years to become mature and bear flowers and fruits. Usually, mame bonsai trees are ready in just a year's time from the day of cultivating them. As mame bonsai trees require a very brief period to develop and mature, they are very attractive among bonsai growers. Moreover, as these type of bonsai trees just take about a year to mature, the materials required for cultivating them is less compared to growing other plants, especially the standard sized bonsai trees. This, in turn, helps the grower to save a lot of money too.
The materials required for growing mame bonsai trees are quite inexpensive. No doubt, everyone is eager to get a good reap and the mame bonsai tree is the right plant for this. This type of plant offers the grower with a harvest of good fruits as well as seeds faster compared to any other type of bonsai mainly because of its low gestation period. Hence, growing or creating mame bonsai trees enables one to enjoy the fruits of his/ her hard work more easily than other plants. The fruits of one's labor may actually be in the form of the cuttings or seeds that will enable them to grow more such miniature trees. In addition, mame bonsai trees match with the containers and pots they are grown in quite naturally. Therefore, selecting a right container or pot for these trees is not a very difficult job. What needs to be particularly mentioned is mame bonsai trees look excellent with any type of decoration. Many people use these trees in their homes as well as office spaces as an ornamental item.
You can plant mame bonsai both indoors and outdoors, depending on your desire and the selection of plants as well as the prevailing weather conditions in your region. Mame bonsai trees do not require any special or complicated after care. What they need is basic watering, manuring, training and gardening. However, fertilizing these miniature trees is necessary to ensure their growth. At the same time, you should ensure that you do not place these small trees in any confined area. They should essentially be exposed to adequate sunlight and air for their utmost health.
If you desire to grow a mame bonsai tree, you should start looking for a suitable plant material during spring. It is the ideal time for such work. Once you have found one, dig out the plant carefully ensuring that you do not harm its fibrous roots. However, get rid of the taproot of the plant material.
If you desire to grow a mame bonsai tree, it is advisable that you start looking for a plant material during spring. This is the best time of the year for undertaking such activities, as new growth begins during this period. Excavate the plant carefully ensuring that you do not harm its fibrous root system. However, soon after you dig out the plant, get rid of its tap root. Allow some soil to remain with the root and cover the plant immediately with some damp moss with a view to prevent it from drying up. In case, moist moss is not available, you can use a dampened newspaper. As far as the tray or dish for growing the mame bonsai is concerned, it entirely depends on your personal choice. However, you should ensure that the dish has adequate number of big drainage holes at its base.
The survival of the mame bonsai tree will greatly depend on the appropriate soil mixture. So you need to choose this carefully. The best thing to do is to use the tested bonsai soil mixtures. However, ensure that the soil mixture is extremely fine. All mame bonsai trees as well as the plants that are being trained to develop into such miniature trees need to be essentially watered no less than thrice every day. The plants need more water during the summer months. The amount of watering during the summers largely depends on the prevailing heat and wind, as the two or three tablespoon of soil on which these plants grow will become dry very quickly. There is an excellent method of watering mame bonsai trees. Simply immerse them in water till the time no bubbles come up to the top. Irrespective of the watering method you employ, what is important is that you should ensure that the soil of these miniature trees never dry out.
If you are growing mame bonsai, it is very important to master the technique of pruning - this is essential to keep these plants in the right shape. To begin with, you should prune the young plants collected by you from the wild and reduce them to just one or a couple of buds. Continue the process till the plants start taking on an interesting look. When this is achieved, allow the growth of a few tiny branches. Using your fingers, nip off the branches that seem to be more dominant.
Bonsai growers who desire to create a mame bonsai with branches growing downward can do two things. They can either tie the branches using a tie string or a copper wire around the container or pull the branches as far as possible down using some string/ cord and bind it to the string.
While growing mame bonsai trees, you should apply fertilizers in moderation. In fact, applying diluted fertilizers ought to suit mame bonsais best and the fertilizer to be applied as in the case of regular bonsai trees - only once every week. Ideally, the fertilizer should be applied after watering the plant between the latter part of spring to autumn. Since the mame bonsai trees are very small it would be best to occasionally inject the fertilizer using the drainage holes at the base of the dish in which the plant is grown.
Usually, after some time all plants exhaust the soil in which they are growing. This is all the more true for mame bonsai trees which grow only in two to three tablespoonful of soil. So they are more prone to this syndrome. As a result, it is important to repot the mame bonsai trees more often compared to the larger bonsai trees. Moreover, when you are repotting mame bonsai trees you should ensure that you prune their roots by at least one-third of their existing length. If you are growing species with large leaves as mame bonsai, you also ought to get rid of at least 50 percent of their leaves to ensure that they do not require excessive nutrients from the just trimmed root system of the plants.
Mame bonsai trees need some extra care. For instance, you need to spray the entire foliage of these mini bonsais every day. Most importantly, in the beginning, you should place the mame bonsai in an area that is protected from direct sun as well as wind. However, they can be exposed to the sun after a week or so. However, the location for growing mame bonsai is similar to that of the normal bonsai trees. Similarly, even the directions related to their care as well as cultivation are the same as in the case of the standard bonsai trees.
While mame bonsai trees usually do not survive for several hundred years, they can definitely live for at least three generations, provided you take proper care of these plants. On occasions, your mame bonsai may grow big enough despite taking all the care and providing them with enough attention. When this occurs, you can choose to shape the mame bonsai into a standard sized bonsai. In fact, creating mame bonsai is extremely popular in Japan, where people pay amazingly high prices to obtain them. Gradually, this type of bonsai is also becoming popular in other parts of the globe too.