This article presents a brief discussion on the lily species belonging to the trumpet section and Asiatic section. In all, the trumpet section comprises two sub-groups of lily species, while there are three lily species sub-groups in the Asiatic section.
All the four lilies discussed here have one thing in common - they are all natives to China. Moreover, their flowers open sometime during July or a little later.
L. leucanthum: This lily has its origin in China and it bears trumpet-shaped, large white flowers, which appear in a raceme. Each raceme comprises about 10 to 17 flowers, which bloom between July and August.
L. regale: This lily species has is origin in China and its flowers come in a wheel-like umbel. Each umbel comprises anything between 1 and 8 or more flowers that are trumpet shaped. The flowers of this lily are potently aromatic and they bloom during June and beginning of July. The inside of the flowers are gleaming white, while the throat is chrome-yellow.
L. sargentiae: Indigenous to China, this lily bears large, beautiful trumpet-shaped flowers, which are pure white in the inside, while their throat has a yellow hue. On the reverse, the color of these flowers can vary from purple-rose to green to brown. Once the flowers are open, the tepals are beautifully reflexed. The raceme arising from inflorescence may comprise as many as 18 potently fragrant flowers. Usually, flowers of this lily open during the latter half of July.
L. sulphureum: This lily also has its origin in China and the flowering stem of this plant bears up to 15 nodding, trumpet-shaped flowers. Each flower of this lily measures 15 cm to 20 cm (6 inches to 8 inches) in length and has a pleasing fragrance. The flowers have a deep gold throat which pales out to ivory at their tips. Usually, these flowers bloom towards August end or in early September.
All the five trumpet lilies discussed below have their origin in different regions of Asia, but vary in color.
L. formosanum: This Trumpet section b lily has its origin in Taiwan and it bears narrow, white, trumpet-shaped pendant flowers. Each flower is about 12 cm to 15 cm (5 inches to 6 inches) in length and widely flaring. Usually, the flowers have a pink shade the length of their midrib. While each flower stem of L. Formosanum bears one or two flowers, there are some varieties that produce as many as 30 to 40 flowers.
L. longiflorum: This is a reputed lily species having its origin in Japan. This plant may bear one or many pure while, out facing trumpet-shaped flowers.
L. neilgherrense: This lily is indigenous to India. The flower stem of this lily bears one or, at the most, two very large trumpet-shaped flowers. The flowers have a pure white color with a yellow stain in the throat region. The buds have a creamy hue.
L. philippinense: As the name suggests, it has its origin in the Philippines. The flower stem of this lily, which usually grows up to a height of 90 cm (3 feet), bears anything between 1 and 30 unsullied white flowers during July and August. The flowers are long and tubular trumpet with brown or deep green colors on the reverse.
L. wallichianum: This lily has its original home in the Himalayas. The flower stem of this lily grows up to anything between 90 cm and 180 cm (3 feet and 6 feet) and has scattered, linear, grass-like, deep green leaves. Usually the flowering stem bears one flowers, but there may be occasions when they may bear more. Each flower of this lily is about 18 cm to 22 cm in length and is narrow, trumpet shaped with widely flaring openings. Inside, the flowers are creamy white, with a shade of green.
L. davidii: This lily species has its origin in China. This lily produces a long, pyramid-shaped inflorescence having stiff horizontal flower stems that comprise anything between 6 and 20 flowers. Some stems may even bear as many as 40 flowers. The flowers are scented and their color varies from cinnabar to scarlet. They have delicate black spots inside.
L. duchartrei: It is also native to China. This lily produces pendant, marble-white flowers and has speckled wine-red spots. The flowers appear in an inflorescence comprising anything between 2 and 12 on stalks that are outward-held and arranged in an umbel. Flowers of this species have pleasant fragrance.
L. henryi: This lily has its origin in China and it bears large, overhanging flowers. While this lily only bears just 1 to 3 flowers when growing in the wild, it may produce up to 30 flowers when it is grown in favourable garden conditions. This plant can grow up to a height of anything between 140 cm and 240 cm (5 feet and 8 feet). The plant produces an inflorescence, which is a raceme comprising a horizontal or somewhat upward flower stalk usually with ternary and secondary buds. The turk's cap shaped flowers of L. henryi open between late July and August. The flowers have an orange hue with numerous papillae and brown spots. The nectaries are either green or blackish and are present inside the flower.
L. lancifolium: It has its origin in a number of Asian countries like China, Japan and Korea. Round, deep purple bulbils appear in the leaf axils of the plant in June and subsequently they slacken off and fall in autumn. The flowers of this Asiatic lily are set up in a raceme. The orange-cinnabar hued tepals of this lily are strongly reflexed having chocolate-brown spots. The flowers of L. lancifolium blossom from August to September end.
L. lankongense: This lily species also has its original home in China. The flowers of this lily species appear in a raceme. The flowers are pendant and have turk's cap shape. They have a delicate rose-red hue which becomes darker as the flowers age. The flowers open in July and have plenty of spots.
L. leichtlinii: This lily has its origin in Japan and the plant grows up to a height of anything between 60 cm and 120 cm (2 feet and 4 feet). The flowers are pendant having a reflexed martagon form. They have a pure citron yellow color having several reddish-purple spots. Each flower stem bears as many as 12 flowers during the period between July and August.
L. papilliferum: This lily is generally found growing naturally in the limestone soils of the mountains in Yunnan province of China. This lily bears flowers having exceptional colors, but is rather difficult to grow in a garden. The flowers are small, deep purple and reflexed. They appear on top of a 2-feet stem. Usually, the plants bear just one or two flowers, but still they are worth having in your garden.
L. amabile: This lily species has its origin in Korea. The plant bears racemose inflorescence that may comprise anything between 5 and 15 horribly scented flowers having turk's cap form. The flowers have a luminous orange-red color with plenty of purple spots. These flowers bloom during June and July.
L. callosum: This lily has its home in eastern Asia and its flower stem grows up to a height of anything between 30 cm and 90 cm (1 feet and 3 feet). Each flower stem produces as many as 12 small, flippantly spotted, turk's cap shaped flowers that open in July and August. The flowers of this lily have an unusual color - brick red, while the throat area has delicately scattered black spots.
L. cernuum: It is native to several Asian countries, including China, Russia and Korea. The flower stem bears as many as 8 lilac-rose hued flowers, which are dappled with carmine. The flowers have a very light, but pleasant fragrance.
L. concolor: This lily also has its origin in China, Russia, Japan and Korea. In June and July, the flower stem of this plant bears one or more small, subtle blooms that are up facing and starry. The flowers have a radiant scarlet-red hue, but do not have any spots.
L. pumilum: This lily species has its origin in Mongolia, northern regions of China, South Korea, North Korea, and Russia. Each flowering stem of this lily bears anything between 1 and 30 aromatic flowers during May and June. The flowers have a turk's cap shape and are nodding. They have a lustrous sealing-wax red color, while their throat area has many small black spots.
All lilies belonging to the Asiatic section c are native to different regions of Asia ranging from Japan, China to Tibet and they bear exquisite flowers.
L. bakerianum: This lily species has its original home in several Asian countries, including Nepal, China and Burma. This lily produces a compact raceme comprising as many as 8 bell-shaped, pendant, delicately aromatic flowers. The flowers have a greenish base, while the other areas are profusely superimposes as well as spotted in reddish-brown. Flowers of the different varieties of this lily species come in different hues, including white, yellow, greenish and pink.
L. mackliniae: This lily has its origin in Burma. Usually, the flowering stem of L. mackliniae bears one or two flowers, but at times you may find as many as 8 flowers on a single stem. The flowers are bell-shaped, pendant, and widely open and grow up to 5 cm (2 inches) across. The flowers come in white or are flushed with light pink. Flowers of this lily bloom from June to July end.
L. nepalense: As the name of this lily implies, it has its home in Nepal, Kumaon in India and Bhutan. The flowering stem of this lily is stout and each bears anything between 1 and 5 pendant flowers, which blossom in July. At night, the flowers exude the unusual aroma.
L. ochraceum: This lily is also native to mountainous Nepal and it bears small flowers.
L. sempervivoideum: It has its origin in China and the plant grows up to a height of just 15 cm (6 inches). The low-growing plant bears grass-like leaves and as many as 3 small, overhanging, white flowers having delicate purple spots.
L. taliense: This lily is indigenous to China and each flower stem of this lily bears 10 or sometimes even more blooms.
L. wardii: It has its home in the south-eastern region of Tibet. Each flowering stem of this lily bears about 40 potently scented flowers with turk's cap shape. All these flowers may appear in one raceme. The flowers have a deep purple color with carmine spots.