Species, Introduced - prior to 1590
'Rosa Foetida Bicolor' is also known as the 'Austrian Copper' rose. This rose is actually an offspring of the yellow rose species known as R. foetida. The color of the flowers of this rose varies from orange to coppery red on the upper side, while the color on the reverse is yellow.
Each flower of 'Rosa Foetida Bicolor' measures between 2 inches and 3 inches. Infrequently, a branch of this rose may go back to its species and these results in the blooming of both copper and yellow hued blooms on the same bush. The foliage of this rose is neat, small and light green. The canes bear numerous thorns and have a chestnut brown color.
Typically, the plants grow up to a height of anything between 4 feet and 5 feet and have arching canes. However, at times you may find the plants of 'Rosa Foetida Bicolor' growing up to a height of about 8 feet. Generally, these plants need mild pruning in order to help them retain their good-looking appearance.
This rose is suited for growing in garden beds or borders because of their colourful display of flowers in spring. However, it is important that you plant this rose apart from those that bear soft, pastel blooms.
This is because the soft, pastel hued blooms do not go well with the bold tone of the flowers of 'Rosa Foetida Bicolor'. This rose variety is hardy but, at the same time, prone to black spot.
Species, Introduced - prior to 1837
In every aspect, 'Rosa Foetida Persiana' bears close resemblance to R. foetida - the only exception being that the flowers of the former are double. Often, this rose is also known as the Persian rose.
Species, Introduced - 1899
'Rosa Hugonis' rose is also known as 'Father Hugo's Rose'. This rose is borne in masses of single blooms and it is among the first to bloom in the latter part of spring. Each sunny yellow flower of this rose measures about 2 ½ inches across.
The flowers of 'Rose Hugonis' bloom on loose branches over the small, dark green leaves of the plants, which grow up to a height of anything between 6 feet to 10 feet. This rose performs best when it is trained to grow as a climber.
Species, Introduced - prior to 1832
The blush pink blooms of 'Rosa Macrantha' appear only once every year. The flowers are borne singly and each bloom measures about 2 inches to 3 inches across. Once the flowering season is over, the plants produce round, unexciting red hued hips that measure around ¾ inch.
The plants of this rose grow up to a height of 10 feet and produce straight and arching canes. In addition, some canes of this rose also grow along the ground. The canes, both those are upright as well as the sprawling ones, are densely covered with blue-green colored leaves.
Species, Introduced - 1894
'Rosa Moyesii' bears single flowers whose color varies from pale pink to deep rose and deep blood red. The flowers appear singly or in pairs and they bloom only once in a year. Each flower of 'Rosa Moyesii' measures around 1 ½ inches to 2 ½ inches and they appear on plants that grow up to a height of 10 feet.
After the flowers have faded, the plants produce deep orange-red, oblong shaped hips, which measure buds each measuring 2 inches to 2 ½ inches in length. The foliage of the arching plants is fine and fern-like. While this 'Rosa Moyesii' was discovered in the year 1894, generally it is believed to have an ancient origin.
Species, Introduced - prior to 1810
Usually 'Rosa Multiflora' is grown as an under stock, but sometimes this rose is also cultivated for its compact growth, which resembles that of a hedge. In fact, the growth of this rose is so uncontrolled that growing 'Rosa Multiflora' has been banned in some areas.
The plants bear small white flowers that bloom only once every year. The single flower measures about ¾ inch and appears in pyramidal clusters.
Gallica, Introduced - prior to 1581
'Rosa Mundi' (botanical name R. gallica versicolor) is an offspring of 'Apothecary's Rose' (botanical name R. gallica officinalis). This rose bears semi-double blooms that have magnificent stripes of pink, crimson and deep pink over blush white.
The blooms appear singly or even in small sprays and the flowers unfurl to flat and wide cups. Each flower of this rose measures anything between 2 inches and 3 inches across and they are richly fragrant. Infrequently, a branch of the plant may go back to the species and bear deep pink hued blooms.
After the end of the flowering season, the plants produce red hip in the later part of summer. The leaves have a dark matte green color, while the stems are almost smooth – nearly without any prickles. The plant is upright and has a bushy habit. It is a very hardy rose that possesses the ability to endure the heat and humidity of summer.
This rose is best suited for planting in garden beds or borders. The flowers of 'Rosa Mundi' can be effectively used for indoor arrangements and also in potpourri. On the other hand, this rose is rather susceptible to mildew.
Species, Introduced - prior to 1683
'Rosa Pendulina' is also called 'Alpine Rose'. This rose bears single, pink hued flowers that appear singly or even in small clusters only once in a year. The individual flower measures about 2 inches across.
After the flowering season ends, the plants produce red, oblong or oval shaped hips have an stretched out neck. The plants of 'Rosa Pendulina' rose grow up to a height of 3 feet.
Species, Introduced - prior to 1814
'Rosa Roxburghii' is also called 'Chestnut Rose and it bears flat, double blooms having a medium lilac pink hue. Each flower of this rose measures between 2 inches and 2 ½ inches in diameter. The branches of 'Rosa Roxburghii' are grey hued with shredding barks.
The buds of this rose are prickly resembling a chestnut burr. Once the flowering season ends, the plants produce rounded hips each measuring about 1 inch to 1 ½ inches across. The plants of 'Rosa Roxburghii' grow up to a height of 6 feet and they keep blooming repeatedly all through the summer.
Species, Introduced - 1870
'Rosa Rugosa Alba' is a color sport of R. rugosa and it bears large single white hued blooms all through the summer. The flowers of this rose variety usually appear in clusters and have a potent fragrance similar to that of clove. Each flower of this cultivar measures anything between 2 ½ inches and 4 inches across.
Once the flowering season is over, the plants produce large orange-red hips that make a beautiful display against the colourful foliage. Initially, the foliage of 'Rosa Rugosa Alba' is bright green which changes to yellow during the fall.
There is another rugosa sport called R. rugosa rubra whose flowers are magenta-purple, while the hips are red. 'Rosa Rugosa Alba' has a vigorous growth and a spreading habit. Hence, unless its growth is checked, the plant may outgrow its space.
It is an effective rose for planting in shrub borders, in the form of a hedge and also in the form of a specimen shrub. It is quite easy to grow 'Rosa Rugosa Alba' and it can flourish even in sandy soil.
Therefore, this rose is a wonderful selection for planting in gardens located close the sea. At the same time, this cultivar is very hardy and possesses the ability to resist diseases as well as insects very effectively.
Centifolia, Introduced - 1789
'Rose de Meaux' is a miniature rose that bears blooms whose color varies from average pink to pale rose pompom. The blooms are double and they are borne in summer and they do not repeat. Each flower measures about 1 ½ inches across and have frilly petals. The blooms are highly fragrant.
The leaves of this rose are also small, which is in tune with the general size of the plant. The plants produce canes which have plentiful straight thorns. The plants of 'Rose de Meaux' are bushy, upright and compact. This rose is effective for growing in small gardens. Alternatively, you may tuck them into any small space.
They are also an excellent selection for growing as container plants. This rose can flourish only in extremely good soils and hence you need to provide it the best quality soil. 'Rose de Meaux' is a rather unpredictable rose. It is susceptible to black spot.