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Malic Acid

Fruits and vegetables are rich in many types of organic acids. The malic acid is one such organic acid belonging to a class of acids known as an alpha-hydroxy acids or AHA in abbreviated form. Common fruits such as apples, grapes and cranberries are rich sources of malic acid; this acid can also be found in many types of vegetables. The use of malic acid and other alpha-hydroxy acids as skin exfoliant agents has become popular in recent times. Malic acid may well be one of the most beneficial of the AHA for human use. This acid takes an important part in the internal production of energy within the human body.

The physiological condition known as hypoxia, which is a failure in the delivery mechanism concerned with transporting oxygen to the cells of the muscle results in the rapid fatigue of muscles. Malic acid has an important physiological role in this regard, it is said to prevent the onset of hypoxia. The importance of malic acid in many physiological processes in the human body is recognized and the malic acid has been utilized as a treatment for the physical disorder known as fibromyalgia. In this condition, the affected person suffers from chronic exhaustion and complains of many vague aches and pains all over the body, the underlying physiological processes governing this disorder may be related to those responsible for hypoxia. Some researchers have attempted to find a link between malic acid and fibromyalgia. However, till date, the disorder called fibromyalgia remains incurable, and effective treatments options for this disorder are rather limited. The majority fibromyalgia patients are women - the reason for this is a mystery. Malic acid has been touted as being a possible remedy for the treatment of fibromyalgia.

Clinical studies probing the possibility of using malic acid in the treatment of fibromyalgia have been attempted. A group of fifteen female fibromyalgia patients were tested in such a study, all the patients received regular administrations of malic acid at one thousand two hundred mg to two thousand four hundred mg doses a day, combined with three hundred to six hundred mg doses of the mineral magnesium for a test period of about six weeks. This was followed by a further six week period when the patients were put on placebos. The results were analyzed at the end of the trial, a significant reduction in symptomatic pain was said to have been evident in all the women within the first two days of the study. All the patients reported that the reduction in pain persisted as long as they were receiving doses of the malic acid. The pain returned within forty eight hours once the women were switched to the placebo. The result of this study is very significant and encouraging. Many clinicians hope that malic acid may turn out to be a breakthrough remedy for dealing with fibromyalgia in women. Malic acid may also be useful in treating other physical ailments that are brought on by hypoxia, including the dreaded chronic fatigue syndrome that affects so many people in North America.

Malic acid is also being investigated for other uses. Supplements of malic acid may prove beneficial to athletes; it is believed that malic acid can boost stamina and physical endurance in individuals involved in high physically demanding sports. Many studies have shown that malic acid could be useful in helping athletes increase their level of performance. The capacity of malic acid supplements to boost the production of energy and increase aerobic capacity has been displayed convincingly in animal studies conducted in many universities across the world. As malic acid plays a very significant part in the prevention of oxygen deficiency in muscle tissues, it is believed that supplements of this acid could help increase athletic performance by maximizing the production of energy in the body.

Health benefits of malic acid

Since malic acid has a vital role in metabolic activities within the cells and facilitates the body to receive ATP, it is considered to be the 'energy current' that circulates throughout the body augmenting the production of cellular energy. Besides generating energy, malic acid also assists in shielding the muscles from exhaustion and helps in lessening the toxic consequences of specific metals. In addition, malic acid also perks up the immune system, sustains the oral health, promotes the health and functioning of the heart, nerves and muscles, and is beneficial for softer and more compact skin.

It may be noted that fibromyalgia is a health condition accompanied by acute muscle, ligaments and tendons pain. This condition may also be accompanied with muscle exhaustion as well as energy loss. Using malic acid helps to turn around the muscle weariness and improve the muscles' performance, thereby providing relief from the symptoms related to fibromyalgia as well as chronic fatigue syndrome. Malic acid is also useful for treating patients suffering from CFS as well as fibromyalgia, as it perks up their levels of energy and augments the activities of their muscles.

The disproportionate accumulation of poisonous metals within the body has the ability to result in grave health problems. Surplus of specific metals may result in grave problems, such as liver ailments and brain maladies. It may be noted that malic acid is an excellent metal chelator and possesses the aptitude to attach itself to the possible poisonous metals, such as lead or aluminum, which may have build up inside the body. Consequently, these metallic toxins are put out of action reducing the risks to our health.

In addition, malic acid also facilitates in sustaining oral hygiene. It works in the form of an antiseptic that aids in keeping the mouth free of germs and also diminishes the risks of contagions. Malic acid also invigorates saliva production, which, in turn, lessens the number of detrimental bacteria that circulate within the mouth. This is the primary cause as to why malic acid is used as a well-accepted constituent of several toothpastes as well as mouthwashes.

Malic acid has been categorized in the form of an 'alpha hydroxyl acid' - a category of acids present in several fruits, much in the same manner as lactic acid, mandelic acid and glycolic acid. Malic acids have a somewhat larger molecular formation compared to the AHAs (alpha hydroxyl acids) mentioned above and this allows it to go through the skin in a more even manner and with fewer irritation. Malic acids help in constricting the skin pores, leading to a soft and compact skin. It also facilitates in lessening the signs of aging by means of lightening the fine lines and wrinkles on the skin making the skin appear more youthful and healthy. In effect, malic acid works in the form of a normal face peel. If you want to witness the results for yourself, apply slender slices of apple to your skin.

Nevertheless, malic acid may possibly cause specific side effects, such as constriction in the chest, hives, skin rash and swelling of the skin. Malic acid is known to be harmless for human use if taken in measured doses. Taking anything in excessive amounts may result in a number of unfavourable effects and, therefore, it is extremely important to consult a medical practitioner prior to taking any supplement enclosing malic acid. It is advisable that you pursue the suggested dose as well as instructions to take the utmost advantage of using malic acid.

Malic acid is most extensively used in food products, especially potato chips and candy. Often, malic acid is also used in sour or tart candies, instead of citric acid, its sweeter cousin, because the acidity is stronger. In addition, malic acid is also used in salt and vinegar potato chips to add flavour akin to something sour like vinegar. Foods enclosing great quantities of malic acid usually carry a warning note that states consuming large amounts of these products may result in pain and discomfort inside the mouth.

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