Linum usitatissimum

Herbs gallery - Linseed

Common names

  • Chih-ma
  • Common Flax
  • Flax
  • Flax Seed
  • Flax Weed
  • Linseed
  • Lint Bells
  • Toad Flax
  • Uma
  • Winterlien

The flax plant has been known to be cultivated for linseed or flaxseed since very ancient times; it is one of the oldest cultivated plants known to man. For example, excavations of the most ancient Egyptian tombs have come up with flax seeds as well as the flax fiber cloth woven from this plant.

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Historians and archeologist are also sure that the first linen mentioned in the Bible was spun from flax. The flax plant was thus very important as a source of seeds and clothing in early human history.

Flax is a small herbaceous annual plant, with striking turquoise blue blossoms and appears very graceful with an erect stem that can reach one to two feet in height when fully grown.

There is normally only a single stem per plant, the stem of the flax is quite smooth, and bears alternate rows of linear and sessile leaves that can each reach nearly an inch in length when fully grown. In the Bible, the seed vessels of the flax plant with their five celled capsules are called "bolls."

Harvest is carried out when the bolls turn ripe; the entire flax plant is pulled out and tied in bundles for processing. The bundled plants are soaked in water for several weeks at a stretch to bring about the separation of the fiber from the stalks, following which they are spread out to dry and processed into cloth.

The linseed oil and meal is made from crushed or milled flaxseeds. A hard transparent varnish is given to wood on rubbing this linseed oil to wood surfaces in thin layers. Some veterinarians use this oil as a purgative for sheep and horses. The boiled seeds are also turned into a jelly used to feed young calves in farms.

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Parts used

Seeds, seed oil.


There are a lot of unsaturated fats as well as mucilage in the linseed. The presence of these compounds in the plant turns the flax into a highly valued remedy especially for treating many of the intestinal and chest conditions.

Seeds consumed can induce a soothing action along the digestive tract and these are best when they are taken whole instead of as jelly or infusion. The whole seeds also tend to draw out toxins in the body and absorb fluid and swell up into a jellylike mass inside the body - in this way, the seeds turn into bulk laxative and are beneficial for the body.

Essential fatty acids can also be obtained from the seeds if the seeds are split before they are swallowed whole. The urinary tract is greatly benefited by the seeds, to a lesser extent compared to how the benefits on the digestive system.

Topical application of crushed flax seed poultice can be beneficial in the treatment of chronic coughs, in treating problems such as bronchitis, in the treatment of pleurisy, as well as in the treatment of emphysema in patients.

External and painful boils can be relieved and subdued by application of poultice made from crushed linseeds or linseed flour. A mixture of linseed oil and red wine is recommended by old Portuguese books for the treatment of wounds.

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Other medical uses

Habitat and cultivation

The linseed belongs to the temperate zones of Europe and Asia - the plant is a native of these places. Since very ancient time, the linseed has been cultivated worldwide and used as a source for fiber, for seeds, as well as for seed oil from the seeds.

During late autumn or in the waning summer months, harvesting of the seeds takes place and the harvested seeds are milled or crushed for linseed oil and flour.

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Linseed contains 30-40% fixed oil (including 36-50% linolenic acid and 23-24% linoleic acid), 6% mucilage, 25% protein, and small amounts of linamarin (a cyanogenic glycoside). Linamarin has a sedative effect on the respiratory system.

Usual dosage

The dosage requirement of the linseed remedy for adults and children over twelve are about 5 - 10 g of the seeds - either whole or crushed, if these are soaked in water, they can be taken thrice daily with some liquid.

The person can be observed to see the effects of the dose 18 - 24 hours later. This dosage regimen can be continued for two to three days at a time. Half the adult dosage can be given to children who are from 6 to 12 years of age.

Linseed should be given to children under 6 years of age only under strict medical supervision. Baked goods such as muffins also often have the flax seeds as an ingredient. A laxative effect is often evident when such baked foods are consumed.

A variety of doses of the linseed have cardiovascular effects which were evident during clinical trials on patients. A dosage of up to 50 g of the flaxseed, which is nearly equal to 20 g flaxseed oil taken a day, is known to be safe and also palatable for most patients.



SEEDS - The linseeds can be taken for the treatment of constipation, patients can consume about 1-2 tbsp of the seeds, by taking it with one or two glasses of water. When taken with water, seeds swell in the bowel and endow a gentle action and have a bulking laxative effect on the body. At breakfast, flax seeds can also be mixed with items like muesli, cereal, or with some honey and soft cheese to make a delicious repast. It is vital to include a lot of fluids when eating the seeds.

INFUSION - The linseed infusion can be taken for the treatment of conditions such as coughs and to ease problems like sore throats. The seeds can be flavoured using honey and lemon juice for ease of consumption.

POULTICE - A flax seed poultice can be prepared by crush the seeds, and this can be applied as a remedy to treat boils, skin abscesses, as well as ulcers. The herbal linseed poultice can also be applied locally for relieving the pain of pleurisy.

MACERATION - Thick herbal mucilage can be obtained by soaking the seeds in some water. This can be taken for treating inflammations affecting the mucous membranes in the body, during problems such as gastritis and pharyngitis in patients.

OIL - Linseed herbal oil contains a lot of the essential fatty acids, which are very good for the treatment of eczema, all kinds of menstrual disorders, as well as problem like rheumatoid arthritis, and atherosclerosis. The daily diet can be fortified by adding two tsp of the freshly pressed oil or 1 to 2 tsp of the freshly crushed seeds.

Whole plant

INFUSION - To treat problems like constipation, liver congestion, and rheumatic pain the whole plant may be made into an infusion and consumed daily.

Flaxseed oil

The old adage from the bible that "there is nothing new under the sun" is a good proverb to remember when thinking of the many "new" supplements, such as flaxseed or linseed oil - since these have been used medicinally by human societies since pre-history.

It is known that as long ago as 8,500 years ago, the first hunter-gatherer ancestors of the human race ate the flax and other types of wild grasses as a part of their diet. In ancient time, each part of the whole flax plant was put to good use in the diet of early humans.

Cooking oil and paint was made from the oil of the flax seeds. Strong rope and cloth were spun from the flax fibers as well. As a commercial product, flax plant is still used to this day for making cloth, flax paper, and other useful products. The serious consideration of introducing the linseed into the modern diet is a relatively recent development.

The omega-3 fatty acids, which are a type of "good" fat typically missing from the normal Western diet, are found in good quantities in flax seed oil. The beneficial effects of the omega-3 fatty acids have been described in many European studies where it was shown that the fatty acids can induce shrinkage in cancerous tumors.

These beneficial fatty acids are also potent in their tumor killing powers and have an anti-cancer effect on tumors of the breast, the prostate, and on lung cancer cells as well.

Flaxseed oil is also a very rich source for fibers called lignans aside from its content of the beneficial omega-3 fatty acids; this fiber is converted by the gut dwelling "friendly bacteria" into organic compounds which fight against cancer in the body.

The hormone levels in the body are also modulated by these compounds and this results in gaining relief from some of the physical symptoms that are seen during menopause, symptoms like the hot flashes and the sudden yeast infections that comes on during vaginal dryness accompanying menopause. Hormonal imbalances which caused premenstrual syndrome can also be treated using flaxseed oil.

Many natural anti-inflammatory compounds are also found in the flaxseed oil along with the beneficial omega-3 fatty acids, such as compounds that aid in bringing relief from the symptoms of diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, from the symptoms of psoriasis, as well as symptoms induced by various allergies, and all manners of inflammatory diseases affecting the body.

There is a lot of success attached to the flaxseed oil and many natural herbal healers give such prescriptions on a routinely basis for different types of conditions.

Aside from the beneficial action against cancer, the flaxseed derived omega-3 fatty acids also afford great protection against various types of heart disease - this is one of the main benefits of these acids as proven in many laboratory studies.

Problems of high cholesterol and high blood pressure can be beneficially affected by the omga-3-fatty acids, which lower these elevated levels, the acids also help in reducing elevated blood triglyceride levels in the body, and also prevent blood clots at the same time.

The beneficial omega-3 rich content is useful in other ways. The ability of these omega-3 fatty acids to lower levels of protein homocysteine in the blood has recently been discovered in research. The presence of elevated levels of the protein homocysteine is considered to be a major risk factor for the onset of heart disease in susceptible patients.

The ability of the flaxseed oil supplements to increase the stamina has been a recent claim made by some body builders, these people also suggest that the oil helps them to recover faster from the strain of workouts and injury.

The presence of a natural anti-oxidant in the flaxseed may be one factor that enables the tired muscles of body builders to recover at a faster rate. Problems like muscle soreness after exercise are probably relieved by the anti-inflammatory action of the flaxseed oil.

Flaxseed oil is not very easy to use; indeed, this is the only downside of the oil. The oil is quite unstable and, can turn rancid fairly fast unless proper processing steps are undertaken in preparing the oil.

The use of flaxseed oil capsules on a daily basis may be much more convenient without the bother of preparing the oil - these capsules are available in the herbal market.


From Helen - Nov-07-2023
I use flax seeds for hair care. Just prepare a jelly from the seeds. Pour boiling water over a handful of seeds and wait until the seeds begin to swell to form a gelatinous liquid. When the jelly is ready, strain it. I also add a few drops of olive oil or almond oil to the jelly. I mix everything thoroughly and apply it to my scalp. I massage the mask gently into my skin and leave it in my hair for about 2 hours. After this time, I rinse everything thoroughly. The treatment should be repeated several times a month for the best result. The hair will be shiny and soft.
From Danielle OBomsawin - Feb-24-2011
I started eating linseeds this week in replacement of chocolate and other fatty food. I leave small containers of linseeds where I spend most time. It does the work! I let the seeds soften in my mouth before I chew them.
From Monika - 2010
I have been using 1-2 tsp of the linseed infusion ( without the seeds, just the slippery liquid) in my 8 month old baby's solid food puree. It has relieved his terrible chronic constipation. He used to scream with pain and was unable to do a poo for up to a week at times. He is now a happy baby and regular like clockwork. I bring a few table spoons of the seeds to a boil in about one and a half cup of water, take off the heat, strain and keep the liquid in the fridge for up to 3 days. My grandmother used the same remedy on her kids and to help with her stomach ulcer.
From Gabriella Audrey - 2010
My stepmother likes to take the flaxseed in water and soak it. She says it coats your stomach and helps your digestive system. It tastes great with a little sugar, and our family drinks it every day.
From F - 2010
Buy whole linseed from the supermarket (usually around 90p for 250g) and just use your blender to grind it up. Let it blend for about 1-2 minutes, it will work better if you give it a little shake every 10 seconds or so. There you have it cheap freshly ground linseed that doesn't cost nearly a fiver.
From Abigail - 2010
I read about linseed for the first time in a weekend paper on Saturday. The article said that fibroids have been known to be expelled with the use of linseed. It however did not give details on the dosage of seeds to be taken at a time.
From Anj - 2010
My husband has had a terrible, wracking cough left over from a nasty cold. I told him to try an infusion of flax seed. At first he was resistant and I had to make it for him and put it in his hand. We both noticed that he got immediate relief from the coughing and was able to sleep through the night for the first time since he caught the cold. After that he was making his own infusion. He has been infusing 2 tsp. flax seed in about 1-1/2 cup of boiling water and taking it twice daily. He's feeling so much better because he can sleep. Yesterday he told me that the flax seed eases the cough so he can sleep, and it seems to be helping loosen the congestion too.
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