European Daisy / Garden Daisy / Bruisewort

Bellis perennis

Bellis is actually a genus comprising as many as 15 species of flowering plants belonging to the Asteraceae family. While the genus is native to Europe and the Mediterranean region, only this species of this genus has been introduced to Northern America and other regions of the world.

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This species - Bellis perennis, is a perennial and normally grows up to a height of 5 cm to 20 cm. Plants belonging to this species possess simple straight stems and have basal leaves. They produce radiate flower heads, each 2 cm to 3 cm in diameter, appearing one on each stem. The roots of the plant are rhizomes and they are often creepy.

The plant Bellis perennis is an ordinary variety of daisy that is native to Europe. While several other similar plants are also known as daisy, this species is frequently regarded as the typical species. This plant is known by other names too, such as the English daisy or the common daisy.

While this plant is indigenous to the western, central and northern regions of Europe, including the Mediterranean region, it has also been introduced in North America and some other parts of the globe. In North America, Bellis perennis or English daisy is usually found as an intrusive plant.

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Going by old documents, during the Middle Ages, the roots as well as the leaves of garden daisy were traditionally used to heal wounds. In fact, people considered this plant to be useful for removing blood from the wounds and, hence, was also commonly called 'bruisewort'. Even to this day, many people use the roots and leaves of the garden daisy to alleviate pain when one is wounded.

In fact, the remedial properties of Bellis perennis or the English daisy have been well documented in herbal medicine since long - precisely speaking, way back in the 16th century when the famous English herbalist John Gerard had recommended the use of this plant for treating catarrh.

In addition, he also found Bellis perennis useful in treating migraine, heavy menstruation as well as to support the healing of wounds and swellings.

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Parts used

Fresh plant in flower.


Bellis perennis possesses numerous remedial properties and is, hence, used for treating a number of conditions. Primarily, this homeopathic medication is administered orally for healing wounds and pain, to alleviate discomfort or tenderness and facilitate quick recuperation from any injury or surgery.

In addition, this medication is also beneficial in preventing any type of contagion and also in treating abscesses (localized collection of pus in the body tissues, usually accompanied by swelling and tenderness and often caused by bacteria).

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Bellis is also very effective after any accident that may cause the lymph glands to enlarge or distend or the limbs to become cold and inflamed. Usually, the complaints are worse for suddenly becoming chilled when overheated.

Bellis is a very beneficial remedy for women. While it is recommended for women having heavy menstruation, this homeopathic medicine is also beneficial in alleviating uterine pain during pregnancy. This medication is especially beneficial when the bruises in the abdomen are very severe. In addition, bellis is also beneficial in treating uterus problems accompanied by debility and bleeding.

Traditionally, bellis has been extensively used for healing wounds and bruises. Homeopathic medicine practitioners usually use this medication in combination with another homeopathic medication called arnica to alleviate trauma as well as treat bruising. In fact, arnica is always an excellent medication for treating bruises and wounds; it is not the sole medication for this purpose.

In fact, there is another medication that works better in such conditions. Thus, similar to arnica the homeopathic medication bellis is an effective medication for wounds and bruises, particularly in the abdominal region if there is any painful bruise in the area. It is especially useful to treat sore bruises following any surgery in the abdomen.

It helps to provide relief from the acute pain endured by patients who have just undergone a surgery in the abdominal region. In addition, bellis is also effective for treating or eliminating the lumps and bumps left behind following a bruise.

Although both bellis and arnica are effective for alleviating pain and curing bruises, people who may require bellis ought not be inclined to be as people who need arnica. The archetypal patient of arnica says all the time that they are alright, when they are simply not alright.

According to homeopathic medicine practitioners, this particular characteristic of an individual is able to guide one to prescribe arnica successfully. Arnica is especially beneficial when an individual has a bruise on the soft muscle tissues accompanied with tender and bruised pains.

Likewise, bellis is the specific medication for women who undergo acute pains in their groin during the final few months of pregnancy - pains that occur unexpectedly when she may be walking and it may be acute enough to make them unable to walk till the pain has subsided.

Such pains occur primarily owing to the extension of the ligaments as well nerves of the uterus. In such conditions, a singular dose of bellis not only helps to alleviate the pain rapidly when it occurs, but also prevents such pains occurring again.

Although common daisy, also known as English daisy, is extensively used in homeopathy, presently its use in herbal medicine has become rare. While the homeopathic dosage of this medication is commonly acknowledged to be safe for use, it needs to be mentioned that there are hardly any clinical studies to endorse the claims regarding the effectiveness of the use of Bellis perennis.

Therefore, there is a general feeling that additional research is necessary to establish the efficacy of this homeopathic medication in treating various conditions, as claimed by the homeopathic practitioners. It is interesting to note that the latest research with Bellis perennis has found that using this plant - common daisy or English daisy - may be effective in treating HIV positive patients too.

Apart from healing bruises and wounds as also alleviating soreness, homeopath medicine practitioners recommend Bellis perennis especially to cure skin problems, such as acne and boils all over the body. This homeopathic medicine is also very useful in providing relief from throbbing muscles. It especially facilitates in alleviating the tenderness of the muscles and joints.

It is also beneficial in providing relief from sprains accompanied with extreme pain. In addition, Bellis perennis is also used to heal pain below the frontal region of the thighs.

In addition to the above mentioned uses of bellis, this homeopathic medicine is also recommended to heal deeper tissue injuries following any surgery. It is also effective in treating the devastation of the organs in the pelvic region accompanied by acute pain and a bruised sensation in the area.

This homeopathic medicine is also beneficial in treating a rheumatic condition known as the 'railway spine'. This condition usually occurs owing to cold or taking ice cold drinks. In such conditions, the patient has a feeling as if the wrist is contracted due to an elastic band around the joint. In addition, Bellis perennis is also a beneficial medication for the gardeners.

Infusions prepared from the flowers and leaves of common daisy or English daisy have also been traditionally used to treat an assortment of other conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis (an unceasing ailment of the musculoskeletal system, distinguished by inflammation and swelling of joints), rhinitis (inflammation of the nasal mucous membranes) as well as complaints of the kidneys and the liver.

It is interesting to note that there is also an insect repellent prepared from the infusion of the common daisy leaves. In addition, a potent decoction prepared from the roots of this plant is normally prescribed by homeopaths for treatment of scurvy (an ailment characterized by swollen and bleeding gums as well as discoloured spots on the skin) and eczema.

At the same time, when a mild decoction prepared from the leaves of the plant is taken, it helps to alleviate problems of the respiratory tract.

As aforementioned, traditionally, the homeopathic medication Bellis perennis has been used for healing wounds and bruises. Even chewing the leaves of common daisy or the English daisy is believed to cure mouth ulcers.


Bellis perennis is found growing all over Europe and in the eastern regions of the United States. It is basically a very common European species of daisy, which is normally believed to be the typical species of that name. While this plant is native to Europe - western, central and northern parts of the continent, later it has been naturalized in different regions of North America and South America.


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